19 May 2018

How to install R and R Studio on Ubuntu 16.04

The desktop installation of R is very simple if you are ok with Ubuntu's apt version.

You will need to have libcurl, libxml2, gtk2 and openssl installed on Ubuntu if you want to install certain packages, so also run these commands:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev
sudo apt-get install libssl-dev
sudo apt-get install libxml2-dev
sudo apt-get install libgtk2.0-dev

Method 1 (recommended):
One way that worked for me is to add the repository:
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://ftp.ussg.iu.edu/CRAN/bin/linux/ubuntu xenial/'
sudo apt-get update

Now you might get an error like this:
W: GPG error: https://ftp.ussg.iu.edu/CRAN/bin/linux/ubuntu xenial/ InRelease: The following signatures couldn't be verified because the public key is not available: NO_PUBKEY 51716619E084DAB9
W: The repository 'https://ftp.ussg.iu.edu/CRAN/bin/linux/ubuntu xenial/ InRelease' is not signed.
N: Data from such a repository can't be authenticated and is therefore potentially dangerous to use.
N: See apt-secure(8) manpage for repository creation and user configuration details.
W: There is no public key available for the following key IDs:

The solution is to add the key:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys KEYID
where you have to replace KEYID with the key ID shown in the error. Marked in bold three lines above this line.
Now update and install.
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install r-base 
sudo apt-get install r-base-dev

Method 2: 
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install r-base

Download the jpeg62 dependency from here and run dpkg to install it.
sudo dpkg -i libjpeg62_6b2-2_amd64.deb

Download R Studio from here and run dpkg to install it.
sudo dpkg -i rstudio-xenial-1.1.453-amd64.deb

Method 3:
However, if you want the latest version (advisable if you plan to install packages like arules) or you want to upgrade the version installed above, follow this:
sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
Enter this line in the sources.list file (substitute the right Ubuntu version. Xenial is for Ubuntu 16.04): deb http://cran.rstudio.com/bin/linux/ubuntu xenial/
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install r-base

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